What are the marshal roles?
There are three groups of marshals used for FIM events 1) flag marshals 2) track marshals performing recoveries and 3) medical marshals. The corner captain/post chief also acts as a communicator making real time calls with Race Control.
MotoGP uses FIM flag rules.
What are the FIM flag rules?
All flag stations are issued with a set of flags and a number board to display individual bike numbers for Black and Meatball flags used.
Waved Yellow flag is shown to display warning for a bike crashed or stopped on track anywhere from the start of your station to the next station. Workers responding to an incident must be covered at all times with a waved yellow flag. Two prior stations are required to wave Yellow flags as a backup to the station with incident. Yellow flag condition must be called in immediately as it goes up and as soon as it goes no flag, so that the backup stations and the station waving Green ahead can put their flags down. If a bike rides off track through the grass no Yellow flag waving is necessary until the rider is about to reenter the race track. Yellow is used to warn riders going at speed that a slow bike is about to enter into their path. Watch for and report any passes under Yellow.
Waved White flag is shown on all stations advising riders that they may change their bikes. Race Control would advise when a waved White flag is displayed. In MotoGP instead of changing tires from slicks to wets, the riders change bikes to those with wet tire set up or slick tire set up.
Stationary Meatball flag or Black flag with an Orange disc in the middle is displayed with a bike number on the number board to advise the rider of a mechanical situation with his bike, the rider must Pit as soon as possible. All stations display the Meatball flag with the bike number until the rider Pits.
What are the Full Course Yellow & Restart procedures?
If there is a serious incident the race will be Red flagged. All bikes must procede slowly to Pit Lane with the right hand up acknowledging the Red flag procedure.
For restarts, a Safety Car leads the pack for sighting laps and once it enters Pit Lane then Green flag is thrown at Start.
What are the response procedures?
Safety marshals are strategically posted near gravel traps or airbag lined ARMCO where impact is likely. They are equipped with hay bales to use in case a rider is down and hasn’t gotten up because of injury. The hay bale is placed between the rider and the oncoming traffic while medics check out the rider. If the medics call for an Ambulance the safety marshals may not touch the crashed bike. Otherwise they must push it to safety, whether behind the barrier or if there is no opening, they must lean it against the ARMCO away from the impact zone.
The safety marshals respond in teams of two or three people, with one person steering the bike and the rest pushing from behind, or using straps threaded through the wheels to pull the bike off the track.
If medics require help carrying the stretcher with the rider to the ambulance, a safety marshal may assist taking special care not to drop the rider, by following the medic’s lead.